If you go over your annual allowance limit, you’ll normally have to pay tax on the excess – but in some cases you can carry forward any unused annual allowance from the previous 3 tax years, which may reduce the tax charge.
To use carry forward, contributions must exceed your annual allowance in the current tax year (the standard annual allowance is currently £40,000). You’re then permitted to use any unused tax relief from the preceding 3 tax years, starting with the tax year 3 years ago.
You’ll need to meet 2 conditions to use carry forward:
- You must earn at least the amount you wish to contribute in total in the current tax year (unless your employer is making the contribution). For example, if your earnings are £50,000 – you can only contribute up to £50,000 and get tax relief on this.
- You must have been a member of a UK-registered pension scheme (this does not include the state pension) in each of the tax years from which you wish to carry forward.
You can use the pension annual allowance calculator on the government’s website to see how much you can carry forward, or check if you have an annual allowance tax charge.